Kolkenbrock S, Naumann B, Hippler M, Fetzner S
A Novel Replicative Enzyme Encoded by the Linear Arthrobacter Plasmid pAL1.
J Bacteriol. 2010 Oct;192(19):4935-4943
Authors: Kolkenbrock S, Naumann B, Hippler M, Fetzner S
The soil bacterium Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus RÃ¼61a contains the linear plasmid pAL1, which codes for the degradation of 2-methylquinoline. Like other linear replicons of actinomycetes, pAL1 is characterized by short terminal inverted-repeat sequences and terminal proteins (TP(pAL1)) covalently attached to its 5' ends. TP(pAL1), encoded by the pAL1.102 gene, interacts in vivo with the protein encoded by pAL1.101. Bioinformatic analysis of the pAL1.101 protein, which comprises 1,707 amino acids, suggested putative zinc finger and topoisomerase-primase domains and part of a superfamily 2 helicase domain in its N-terminal and central regions, respectively. Sequence motifs characteristic of the polymerization domain of family B DNA polymerases are partially conserved in a C-terminal segment. The purified recombinant protein catalyzed the deoxycytidylation of TP(pAL1) in the presence of single-stranded DNA templates comprising the 3'-terminal sequence (5'-GCAGG-3'), which in pAL1 forms the terminal inverted repeat, but also at templates with 5'-(G/T)CA(GG/GC/CG)-3' ends. Enzyme assays suggested that the protein exhibits DNA topoisomerase, DNA helicase, and DNA- and protein-primed DNA polymerase activities. The pAL1.101 protein, therefore, may act as a replicase of pAL1.
PMID: 20675469 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]