Tao K, Watanabe S, Narita S, Tokuda H
A Periplasmic LolA Derivative with a Lethal Disulfide Bond Activates the Cpx Stress Response System.
J Bacteriol. 2010 Nov;192(21):5657-62
Authors: Tao K, Watanabe S, Narita S, Tokuda H
LolA accommodates the acyl chains of lipoproteins in its hydrophobic cavity and shuttles between the inner and outer membranes through the hydrophilic periplasm to place lipoproteins in the outer membrane. The LolA(I93C/F140C) derivative, in which Cys replaces Ile at position 93 and Phe at position 140, strongly inhibited growth in the absence of a reducing agent because of the lethal intramolecular disulfide bond between the two Cys residues. Expression of I93C/F140C was found to activate the Cpx two-component system, which responds to cell envelope stress. The inhibition of growth by I93C/F140C was partly suppressed by overproduction of LolCDE, which is an ATP-binding cassette transporter and mediates the transfer of lipoproteins from the inner membrane to LolA. A substantial portion of the oxidized form, but not the reduced one, of I93C/F140C expressed on LolCDE overproduction was recovered in the membrane fraction, whereas wild-type LolA was localized in the periplasm even when LolCDE was overproduced. Moreover, LolCDE overproduction stabilized I93C/F140C and therefore caused an increase in its level. Taken together, these results indicate that oxidized I93C/F140C stably binds to LolCDE, which causes strong envelope stress.
PMID: 20802033 [PubMed - in process]