Kanjilal S, Citorik R, Larocque RC, Ramoni MF, Calderwood SB
A Systems Biology Approach To Modeling Vibrio cholerae Gene Expression under Virulence-Inducing Conditions.
J Bacteriol. 2010 Sep;192(17):4300-10
Authors: Kanjilal S, Citorik R, Larocque RC, Ramoni MF, Calderwood SB
Vibrio cholerae is a Gram-negative bacillus that is the causative agent of cholera. Pathogenesis in vivo occurs through a series of spatiotemporally controlled events under the control of a gene cascade termed the ToxR regulon. Major genes in the ToxR regulon include the master regulators toxRS and tcpPH, the downstream regulator toxT, and virulence factors, the ctxAB and tcpA operons. Our current understanding of the dynamics of virulence gene expression is limited to microarray analyses of expression at selected time points. To better understand this process, we utilized a systems biology approach to examine the temporal regulation of gene expression in El Tor V. cholerae grown under virulence-inducing conditions in vitro (AKI medium), using high-resolution time series genomic profiling. Results showed that overall gene expression in AKI medium mimics that of in vivo studies but with less clear temporal separation between upstream regulators and downstream targets. Expression of toxRS was unaffected by growth under virulence-inducing conditions, but expression of toxT was activated shortly after switching from stationary to aerating conditions. The tcpA operon was also activated early during mid-exponential-phase growth, while the ctxAB operon was turned on later, after the rise in toxT expression. Expression of ctxAB continued to rise despite an eventual decrease in toxT. Cluster analysis of gene expression highlighted 15 hypothetical genes and six genes related to environmental information processing that represent potential new members of the ToxR regulon. This study applies systems biology tools to analysis of gene expression of V. cholerae in vitro and provides an important comparator for future studies done in vivo.
PMID: 20601467 [PubMed - in process]