Identification of a novel antigen-presenting cell population modulating antiinfluenza type 2 immunity.
J Exp Med. 2010 Jul 5;207(7):1435-51
Authors: Yoo JK, Galligan CL, Virtanen C, Fish EN
Antiinfluenza type 2 (T2) immunity contributes to both immunopathology and immunoprotection, yet the underlying mechanisms modulating T2 immunity remain ill defined. We describe a novel mouse antigen (Ag)-presenting cell (APC), designated late-activator APC (LAPC). After pulmonary influenza A (H1N1) virus infection, LAPCs enter the lungs, capture viral Ag, and subsequently migrate to the draining lymph node (DLN) and spleen, with delayed kinetics relative to dendritic cells (DCs). In the DLN, influenza virus-activated LAPCs present Ag and selectively induce T helper type 2 (Th2) effector cell polarization by cell-cell contact-mediated modulation of GATA-3 expression. In adoptive transfer experiments, influenza virus-activated LAPCs augmented Th2 effector T cell responses in the DLN, increased production of circulating antiinfluenza immunoglobulin, and increased levels of T2 cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in recipient influenza virus-infected mice. LAPC-recipient mice exhibited exacerbated pulmonary pathology, with delayed viral clearance and enhanced pulmonary eosinophilia. Collectively, our results identify and highlight the importance of LAPCs as immunomodulators of T2 immunity during influenza A virus infection.
PMID: 20547825 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]