Kling HM, Shipley TW, Patil SP, Kristoff J, Bryan M, Montelaro RC, Morris A, Norris KA
Relationship of Pneumocystis jiroveci Humoral Immunity to Prevention of Colonization and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Primate Model of HIV Infection.
Infect Immun. 2010 Oct;78(10):4320-30
Authors: Kling HM, Shipley TW, Patil SP, Kristoff J, Bryan M, Montelaro RC, Morris A, Norris KA
Pulmonary colonization by the opportunistic pathogen Pneumocystis jiroveci is common in HIV(+) subjects and has been associated with development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Host and environmental factors associated with colonization susceptibility are undefined. Using a simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV) model of HIV infection, the immunologic parameters associated with natural Pneumocystis jiroveci transmission were evaluated. SHIV-infected macaques were exposed to P. jiroveci by cohousing with immunosuppressed, P. jiroveci-colonized macaques in two independent experiments. Serial plasma and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid samples were examined for changes in antibody titers to recombinant Pneumocystis-kexin protein (KEX1) and evidence of Pneumocystis colonization by nested PCR of BAL fluid. In experiment 1, 10 of 14 monkeys became Pneumocystis colonized (Pc(+)) by 8 weeks post-SHIV infection, while 4 animals remained Pneumocystis colonization negative (Pc(-)) throughout the study. In experiment 2, 11 of 17 animals became Pneumocystis colonized by 16 weeks post-SHIV infection, while 6 monkeys remained Pc(-). Baseline plasma KEX1-IgG titers were significantly higher in monkeys that remained Pc(-), compared to Pc(+) monkeys, in experiments 1 (P = 0.013) and 2 (P = 0.022). Pc(-) monkeys had greater percentages of Pneumocystis-specific memory B cells after SHIV infection compared to Pc(+) monkeys (P = 0.037). After SHIV infection, Pc(+) monkeys developed progressive obstructive pulmonary disease, whereas Pc(-) monkeys maintained normal lung function throughout the study. These results demonstrate a correlation between the KEX1 humoral response and the prevention of Pneumocystis colonization and obstructive lung disease in the SHIV model. In addition, these results indicate that an effective Pneumocystis-specific memory B-cell response is maintained despite progressive loss of CD4(+) T cells during SHIV infection.
PMID: 20660609 [PubMed - in process]