Oda Y, Matsumoto H, Kurakake M, Ochiai M, Ohnishi A, Hayakawa Y
Adaptor protein is essential for insect cytokine signaling in hemocytes.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Sep 7;107(36):15862-7
Authors: Oda Y, Matsumoto H, Kurakake M, Ochiai M, Ohnishi A, Hayakawa Y
Growth-blocking peptide (GBP) is an insect cytokine that stimulates a class of immune cells called plasmatocytes to adhere to one another and to foreign surfaces. Although extensive structure-activity studies have been performed on the GBP and its mutants in Lepidoptera Pseudaletia separata, the signaling pathway of GBP-dependent activation of plasmatocytes remains unknown. We identified an adaptor protein (P77) with a molecular mass of 77 kDa containing SH2/SH3 domain binding motifs and an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM)-like domain in the cytoplasmic region of the C terminus. Although P77 showed no capacity for direct binding with GBP, its cytoplasmic tyrosine residues were specifically phosphorylated within seconds after GBP was added to a plasmatocyte suspension. Tyrosine phosphorylation of P77 also was observed when hemocytes were incubated with Enterobactor cloacae or Micrococcus luteus, but this phosphorylation was found to be induced by GBP released from hemocytes stimulated by the pathogens. Tyrosine phosphorylation of the integrin beta subunit also was detected in plasmatocytes stimulated by GBP. Double-stranded RNAs targeting P77 not only decreased GBP-dependent tyrosine phosphorylation of the integrin beta subunit, but also abolished GBP-induced spreading of plasmatocytes on foreign surfaces. P77 RNAi larvae also showed significantly higher mortality than control larvae after infection with Serratia marcescens, indicating that P77 is essential for GBP to mediate a normal innate cellular immunity in insects. These results demonstrate that GBP signaling in plasmatocytes requires the adaptor protein P77, and that active P77-assisted tyrosine phosphorylation of integrins is critical for the activation of plasmatocytes.
PMID: 20798052 [PubMed - in process]